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Quebec Bulletin
February - March 2014/Volume 17/Number 1

Commercial Fishing Results in Quebec: 2013 Season

In 2013, preliminary data for the commercial fishing season in Quebec show total landings of 60 385 tonnes valued at $166.2 million. It is important to mention that the landed value does not yet take into account supplementary purchase slips (SPS) and year-end discounts granted to some buyers. These data will be updated within the next few months.

The year 2013 was marked by a 5% increase in landed volume and a 3% increase in value. The increase in landings is mainly attributable to increased landings of snow crab (+17%), shrimp (+10%), lobster (+7%), mackerel (+9%), herring (+4%) and Arctic surfclam (+22%). The increase in the value of landings is largely attributable to a significant hike in the landing prices for snow crab landings (+19%) in 2013. This must be due to an increase in landings since there was hardly any increase in the average landed price.

Total landings in Quebec from 1994 to 2011 with SPS, 2012 and 2013 without SPS

Graphiques 1

The following graph shows that shrimp, snow crab and lobster remain the species that account for most landed species with 67% of the landed volume and 87% of the landed value. Pelagic fish landings follow with 16% of the landed volume and 2% of landed value. Groundfish accounts for 6% of landed volume and value in 2013.

Breakdown of landings by species

Breakdown of landings by species
Volume (60 385 tonnes) Value ($166.2 M)
Graph 2
Graph 3

Landing volumes are as follows: Gaspé Peninsula 64%, North Shore 24% and Magdalen Islands 12%. Total landing values were $90.5 million in the Gaspé Peninsula (55% of all landings), $38.3 million on the North Shore (23%) and $36.9 million on the Magdalen Islands (22%) (graphs 4 and 5).

Shrimp, snow crab and lobster are the species with the greatest landing value in the Gaspé Peninsula. Lobster is the largest catch on the Magdalen Islands, while snow crab is the main species caught on the North Shore.

Breakdown of landings by maritime sectors

Breakdown of landings by maritime sectors
Volume (60 385 tonnes) Value ($166.2 M)
Graph 4
Graph 5

In terms of average landed prices, there were significant increases in the prices of mackerel (+14.2%), scallops (+13.5%), Greenland halibut (+12%) and rock crab (+10.5%) in 2013. However, there was a marked decrease in average landed prices for shrimp (-17.4%), Atlantic halibut (-14.9%), herring (-14.5%) and lobster (-12.5%). Please keep in mind that these are preliminary data.

* Supplementary purchase slips (SPS) include all landings that were not reported on the general purchase slips. This information is based on estimates drawn from four different sources: direct sales to the public, personal consumption (fish harvesters and their families; sports fishing), fish processed by fish harvesters and fish used as bait.

Martial Ménard
Policy and Economics

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