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Patrol project in Quebec
aids Copper Redhorse recovery

Information booth at Fort Chambly, near the Richelieu River: The information officers met with numerous visitors to tell them about the Copper Redhorse.


During the summer of 2010, through the efforts of Comité de concertation et de valorisation du bassin de la rivière Richelieu (COVABAR) awareness officers, nearly 1,800 people were informed about the precarious status of the Copper Redhorse, a freshwater fish at risk found nowhere else in the world but in Quebec.

The Copper Redhorse is an endangered species and has been listed pursuant to the Species at Risk Act (SARA). It is estimated that only from a few hundred to a few thousand individuals remain in the Richelieu and St. Lawrence rivers. Numerous activities have been implemented to help this species recover.

The Pierre-Étienne-Fortin wildlife refuge was established in 2002 by the Government of Quebec to protect the larger of the only two known Copper Redhorse spawning grounds. In summer, this natural site is very popular with vacationers for swimming, fishing or activities on the water like personal watercrafting and kayaking. These activities can disturb the fish during the spawning season and are a threat to the recovery of this species.  The wildlife refuge is therefore closed to visitors from June 20 to July 20, which is the spawning period for Copper Redhorse.  The purpose of this ban on human activity is to minimize the disturbance of spawning stock, the trampling of eggs and any damage to the natural environment.  But this can only be accomplished if people respect the rules established for the refuge...

This female copper redhorse was used for artificial reproduction in 2009.


This is why a patrol team has been at work for several years now in the Chambly watershed on the Richelieu River. The awareness officers remind boaters of the existence of the wildlife refuge, of the regulations in force there and of the precarious status of the Copper Redhorse. The officers also meet fishers on the water to make them aware of why it’s important to preserve this species and, using a species identification key, to show them the differences between the Copper Redhorse and other fish species.

In 2010, the awareness officers met with 1,779 visitors and recreational boaters and 147 offences were observed.

This patrol project has been made possible through a contribution from the Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk, which is managed jointly by Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Environment Canada and Parks Canada, and with assistance from several other partners, including the Fondation de la faune du Québec.

Other recovery activities are planned by COVABAR for the coming years, including:

  • An awareness and guided activity project focusing on Jeannotte and aux Cerfs islands, important nursery areas for the species (juvenile copper redhorse habitats; and
  • A project to restore shorelines in agricultural areas and to raise awareness amongst farmers about the impact of agriculture on the aquatic environment (pesticides, erosion).

The Habitat Stewardship Program (HSP) for Species at Risk provides funding to groups to implement activities that protect or conserve the habitats of species designated as being at risk by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.  The program also fosters partnerships among organizations interested in the recovery of species at risk.

Aquatic Species at Risk - Copper Redhorse
Fisheries and Oceans Canada – National Web site

Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk
Environnement Canada

Les espèces menacées du bassin versant de la rivière Richelieu (In French only)
Comité de concertation et de valorisation du bassin de la rivière Richelieu (COVABAR)

Le chevalier cuivré (In French only)
Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune du Québec

Caractérisation de l’habitat du chevalier cuivré (In French only)
ZIP des Seigneuries

Les poissons en péril de la rivière des Mille Îles (In French only)

Le chevalier cuivré (In French only)
La Semaine verte, Société Radio-Canada – octobre 2002

Stéphanie Lapointe