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Bibliographie de l'Institut Maurice-Lamontagne
Nématodes / Philometra spp. /
SÉGUIN, G., F. BOUCHARD, L.N. MEASURES, C.F. UHLAND, S. LAIR, 2011. Infections with Philometra sp. Associated with mortalities in wild-hatched captive-raised striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). J. Fish Dis., 34(6): 475-481 .
[Résumé disponible seulement en anglais]
The striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum), once represented an important resource for fisheries in the St Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada). A restoration programme, involving captive propagation, was implemented with the objective of restocking the population, which had disappeared in the late 1960s. An unusually high rate of mortality was observed during the winter of 2006 in captive-raised fingerlings that were originally collected from the Miramichi River (New Brunswick, Canada) the previous summer. Post-mortem examinations revealed extensive granulomatous and hyperplastic peritonitis associated with numerous nematodes of the genus Philometra. Given the severity of the lesions, high intensity of infection by Philometra sp. Was presumed to be the primary factor in the unusual mortalities reported that winter. Observations suggest that this nematode, which was acquired in the wild, cannot establish itself in a captive environment, most likely because of the absence of the obligate intermediate host. Examination of archived specimens of striped bass showed that this parasite was probably present in the St Lawrence River population prior to its extirpation. Consequently, the introduction of infected fish into this ecosystem should not be a concern. Nevertheless, infectionrelated mortalities of fingerlings might affect dynamics of wild striped bass populations.
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