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Bibliographie de l'Institut Maurice-Lamontagne

Poissons / Colossoma macropomum / 

TREMBLAY-BOURGEOIS, S., N.R. LE FRANÇOIS, R.L. ROY, T.J. BENFEY, A.K. IMSLAND, 2010. Effect of rearing density on the growth and welfare indices of juvenile Spotted Wolffish, Anarhichas minor (Olafsen). Aquacult. Res., 41: 1179-1189 .

[Résumé disponible seulement en anglais]
The goal of this study was to determine the optimal stocking density for rearing juvenile spotted wolffish, Anarhichas minor (Olafsen), at two different sizes and assess the welfare status in relation to density. No major growth impairment was observed, although smaller fish (50–100 g) were significantly affected by density during the 120 days of the experiment, with final mean weights of 119.6 ± 11.6, 118.0 ± 5.8 and 88.7 ± 0.6 g for initial rearing densities of 10, 20 and 40 kg m-2 respectively. No effect of rearing density was seen for larger fish (100–160 g) during the 90 days of the experiment, with final mean weights of 160.2 ± 5.9, 159.7 ± 3.7 and 163.7 ± 11.5 g at fixed rearing densities of 20, 30 and 40 kg m-2 respectively. Our results suggest that the optimal rearing density of juvenile spotted wolffish is below 40 kg m-2 for smaller size fish (˜50–100 g) and probably ≥40 kg m-2 for the larger fish (100–160 g). Furthermore, it appears that the range of rearing density used did not have a significant effect on a selection of stress indicators (Na+ and K+ concentration, haematocrit, hepatosomatic index, total amount of plasma proteins and liver and muscle water content) and immunity response (plasma lysozyme activity) of juvenile spotted wolffish, making it a very tolerant species to crowding.©2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.