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Bibliography of the Maurice Lamontagne Institute

Jeffrey A. RUNGE

PLOURDE, S., P. JOLY, J.A. RUNGE, J. DODSON, B. ZAKARDJIAN, 2003. Life cycle of Calanus hyperboreus in the lower St. Lawrence Estuary and its relationship to local environmental conditions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 255: 219-233 .

RINGUETTE, M., M. CASTONGUAY, J.A. RUNGE, F. GRÉGOIRE, 2002. Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) recruitment fluctuations in relation to copepod production and juvenile growth. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 59: 646-656 .

A previous study identified relationships linking variations in the physical environment to fluctuations in zooplankton biomass and Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) recruitment. Diets of mackerel larvae were compared among four years, one of these years producing an exceptional year-class (1982). Comparisons were standardized for larval length and time of day. Stomach fullness differed significantly among years, with highest values observed in 1982. Stomach content wet weights were significantly larger in 1982 than in 1987 and 1996. The mean weight of Calanus finmarchicus nauplii prey in the diet was also significantly greater in 1982 than in 1985, 1987, or 1996. Female C. finmarchicus were more abundant and more widely distributed in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1982 compared with 1985, 1987, and 1990. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of a link between production of copepod nauplii, feeding of mackerel larvae, and recruitment success. However, mackerel size at the end of the first year, as measured on otoliths, varied significantly between years and was smallest in 1982. Hypotheses are proposed to account for the coupling between high larval food abundance, small juvenile growth, and strong cohorts.

PLOURDE, S., J.J. DODSON, J.A. RUNGE, J.-C. THERRIAULT, 2002. Spatial and temporal variations in copepod community structure in the lower St. Lawrence Estuary, Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 230: 211-224 .

RINGUETTE, M., L. FORTIER, M. FORTIER, J.A. RUNGE, S. BÉLANGER, P. LAROUCHE, J.-M. WESLAWSKI, S. KWASNIEWSKI, 2002. Advanced recruitment and accelerated population development in Arctic calanoid copepods of the North Water. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 49: 5081-5099 .

IRIGOLEN, X., R.P. HARRIS, H.M. VERHEYE, P. JOLY, J. RUNGE, M. STARR, D. POND, D. CAMPBELL, R. SHREEVE, P. WARD, A.N. SMITH, H.G. DAM, W. PETERSON, V. TIRELLI, M. KOSKI, T. SMITH, D. HARBOUR, R. DAVIDSON, 2002. Copepod hatching success in marine ecosystems with high diatom concentrations. Nature, 419: 387-389 .

CAMPBELL, R.G., J.A. RUNGE, E.G. DURBIN, 2001. Evidence for food limitation of Calanus finmarchicus production rates on the southern flank of Georges Bank during April 1997. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 48: 531-549 .

McGILLICUDDY, D.J., D.R. LYNCH, P. WIEBE, J. RUNGE, E.G. DURBIN, W.C. GENTLEMAN, C.S. DAVIS, 2001. Evaluating the synopticity of the US GLOBEC Georges Bank broad-scale sampling pattern with observational system simulation experiments. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, 48: 483-499 .

HARVEY, M., J.A. RUNGE, J.-F. ST-PIERRE, P. JOLY, 2000. Oceanographic conditions in the Estuary and the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1999 : zooplankton. DFO, Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat, Research Document ; MPO, Secrétariat canadien de consultation scientifique, Document de recherche, 2000/117, 19 p .

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This report describes : 1) an overview of the spatial variability of the mesozooplankton and krill biomass in the lower St. Lawrence Estuary and the northwest Gulf of St. Lawrence (GSL) measured in September in each year between 1994-1999 and 2) results on the temporal variability of the zooplankton biomass, abundance, and species composition at two fixed stations of the Atlantic Zonal Monitoring Program (AZMP; Anticosti Gyre and Gaspé Current) in 1999. Within the lower St. Lawrence Estuary and the northwest GSL, the biomass of mesozooplankton and krill was not evenly distributed and showed very high interannual variability. The estimated average wet biomass of mesozooplankton varied between 106.5 and 209.2 t km-2 from 1994 to 1999 with the highest and the lowest values found in 1994 and 1996 respectively. From 1994 to 1999, the overall average biomass of mesozooplankton for the whole lower St. Lawrence Estuary and northwest GSL was estimated at 1.6 106 ±  0.3 106 t. Likewise, the estimated average biomass of krill varied between 7.2 and 38.1 t km-2 from 1994 to 1999 with the highest and the lowest values found in 1994 and 1996 respectively. The overall average biomass of krill for the whole lower St. Lawrence Estuary and northwest GSL was estimated to be 1.7 105 ± 0.9 105 t. The temporal variability of the zooplankton biomass, abundance, and species composition at the two AZMP fixed stations (Anticosti Gyre and Gaspé Current) showed that copepods were clearly dominant at all sampling dates in 1999, accounting for more than 80 % of the zooplankton community for both stations. Small copepods (Oithona similis, Oncea borealis) dominated in abundance at all sampling dates at both stations except in the Gaspé Current in July and August, where larger species (Calanus finmarchicus, C. glacialis, Metridia longa) were more abundant. Total zooplankton biomass was much higher in the Anticosti Gyre than in the Gaspé Current for all seasons in 1999 except in May, when the biomass was equal at both stations. The integrated copepod abundance showed the same pattern of variation with season at both stations, with a maximum abundance of copepod eggs in spring and a maximum abundance of adult copepods and copepodite stages (CI-CV) in late fall. The total integrated abundance of adult copepods and copepodite stages (CI-CV) did not vary significantly between stations for all seasons. Finally, all proposed indices describing the state of the zooplankton community at each station in 1999 varied with season and their annual mean values varied between stations. However, it is too soon to say if they will be useful to describe the interannual variability of the zooplankton community or to detect any changes of the environmental conditions.

BROWMAN, H.I., C.A.RODRIGUEZ, F. BÉLAND, J.J. CULLEN, R.F. DAVIS, J.H.M. KOUWENBERG, P.S. KUHN, B. McARTHUR, J.A. RUNGE, J.-F. ST-PIERRE, R.D. VETTER, 2000. Impact of ultraviolet radiation on marine crustacean zooplancton and ichthyoplankton : a synthesis of results from the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 199: 293-311 .

RODRIGUEZ, C.A., H.I. BROWMAN, J.A. RUNGE, J.-F. ST-PIERRE, 2000. Impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on hatching of a marine copedod, Calanus finmarchicus. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 193: 85-93 .

KOUWENBERG, J.H.M., H.I. BROWMAN, J.J. CULLEN, R.F. DAVIS, J.-F. ST-PIERRE, J.A. RUNGE, 1999. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. I, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) eggs. Mar. Biol., 134: 269-284 .

ZAKARDJIAN, B.A., J.A. RUNGE, S. PLOURDE, Y. GRATTON, 1999. A biophysical model of the interaction between vertical migration of crustacean zooplankton and circulation in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56(12): 2420-2432 .

As an essential step in modeling the influence of circulation on the population dynamics of marine planktonic copepods, we define a simple formulation of swimming behavior that can be used in both Eulerian and Lagrangian models. This formulation forces aggregation of the population toward a preferential depth and can be stage specific and time varying, thus allowing description of either diurnal or seasonal vertical migration. We use the formulation to examine the interaction between the circulation and vertical distribution in controlling horizontal distribution of the common planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary, Canada. We first introduce diel migration into a simple one-dimensional model and then into a model of residual two-dimensional circulation patterns representative of conditions encountered in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary. Results from the latter indicate that interactions between circulation and stage-specific swimming behaviors are the main mechanisms for aggregation of planktonic crustaceans at the head of the Laurentian Channel and highlight the implications of flushing of the surface-dwelling young stages for the population dynamics of C. finmarchicus in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary

RUNGE, J.A., M. CASTONGUAY, Y. De LAFONTAINE, M. RINGUETTE, J.-L. BEAULIEU, 1999. Covariation in climate, zooplankton biomass and mackerel recruitment in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fish. Oceanogr., 8: 139-149 .

KOUWENBERG, J.H.M., H.I. BROWMAN, J.A. RUNGE, J.J. CULLEN, R.F. DAVIS, J.-F. ST-PIERRE, 1999. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. II, Calanus finmarchicus (Copepoda) eggs. Mar. Biol., 134: 285-293 .

STARR, M., J.A. RUNGE, J.-C. THERRIAULT, 1999. Effects of diatom diets on the reproduction of the planktonic copepod Canalus finmarchicus. Sarsia, 84: 379-389 .

THERRIAULT, J.-C., B. PETRIE, P. PEPIN, J. GAGNON, D. GREGORY, J. HELBIG, A. HERMAN, D. LEFAIVRE, M. MITCHELL, B. PELCHAT, J. RUNGE, D. SAMEOTO, 1998. Proposition pour un programme zonal de monitorage de la région nord-ouest de l'Atlantique. Rapp. tech. can. hydrogr. sci. océan., 194, 69 p .

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A comprehensive monitoring program has been designed for the northwestern Atlantic with the aim of increasing the Department of Fisheries and Oceans's capacity to understand, describe, and forecast the state of the marine ecosystem and to quantify the changes in the oceans and the predator-prey relationships of marine resources. This report presents an overview of the current monitoring activities and identifies the fundamental elements of a zonal monitoring program, which includes 1) in situ multidisciplinary monitoring of biological, chemical, and physical variables at fixed stations and along transects; 2) remote sensing of sea-surface temperature and ocean colour; 3) measurements of sea level; 4) groundfish surveys in all regions; and 5) continuous plankton recorder (CPR) lines on the Newfoundland and Scotian shelves. The necessity is discussed for coordinated and standardised sampling protocols and data management activities. The importance of data analysis and interpretation is addressed as well as the need to designate committees that will be responsible for the management and coordination of zonal monitoring activities.

THERRIAULT, J.-C., B. PETRIE, P. PEPIN, J. GAGNON, D. GREGORY, J. HELBIG, A. HERMAN, D. LEFAIVRE, M. MITCHELL, B. PELCHAT, J. RUNGE, D. SAMEOTO, 1998. Proposal for a northwest Atlantic zonal monitoring program. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci., 194, 57 p .

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A comprehensive monitoring program has been designed for the northwestern Atlantic with the aim of increasing the Department of Fisheries and Oceans's capacity to understand, describe, and forecast the state of the marine ecosystem and to quantify the changes in the oceans and the predator-prey relationships of marine resources. This report presents an overview of the current monitoring activities and identifies the fundamental elements of a zonal monitoring program, which includes 1) in situ multidisciplinary monitoring of biological, chemical, and physical variables at fixed stations and along transects; 2) remote sensing of sea-surface temperature and ocean colour; 3) measurements of sea level; 4) groundfish surveys in all regions; and 5) continuous plankton recorder (CPR) lines on the Newfoundland and Scotian shelves. The necessity is discussed for coordinated and standardised sampling protocols and data management activities. The importance of data analysis and interpretation is addressed as well as the need to designate committees that will be responsible for the management and coordination of zonal monitoring activities.

CASTONGUAY, M., Y. De LAFONTAINE, J.A. RUNGE, 1998. Annual and spatial variability in zooplankton biomass and species composition, and in eggs and larvae of mackerel and cod in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence between 1982 and 1991. Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1035, 86 p .

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Between 1982 and 1991, an annual survey of egg production of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus L.) was conducted in late June/early July in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence to assess mackerel abundance. Plankton samples were first sorted for fish eggs and larvae and then analysed for zooplankton biomass and species composition. This data series offered an opportunity to investigate relationships between mackerel recruitment and zooplankton biomass /species composition. The objective of this report is to make available the zooplankton dataset that has been examined as part of this investigation. The report presents maps for each year of 1) spatial distributions of zooplankton biomass split into four size classes; 2) zooplankton species composition (total and female Calanus finmarchicus, female Pseudocalanus sp., and female Temora longicornis) for four of the ten years (1982, 1985, 1987, and 1990); 3) spatial distributions of eggs and larvae of mackerel and cod (Gadus morhua L.) and 4) near-surface (0-10 m) temperature (1982-1991) and salinity (1987-1991) patterns. (D.B.O.).

DURBIN, E.G., J.A. RUNGE, R.G. CAMPBELL, P.R. GARRAHAN, M.C. CASAS, S. PLOURDE, 1997. Late fall-early winter recruitment of Calanus finmarchicus on Georges Bank. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 151(1-3): 103-114 .

BAN, S., C. BURNS, J. CASTEL, Y. CHAUDRON, E. CHRISTOU, R. ESCRIBANO, S.F. UMANI, S. GASPARINI, F.G. RUIZ, M. HOFFMEYER, A. IANORA, H.-K. KANG, M. LAABIR, A. LACOSTE, A. MIRALTO, S. POULET, X. NING, V. RODRIGUEZ, J. RUNGE, J. SHI, M. STARR, S.-I. UYE, 1997. The paradoxe of diatom-copepod interactions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 157: 287-293 .

RUNGE, J.A., Y. De LAFONTAINE, 1996. Characterization of the pelagic ecosystem in surface waters of the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence in early summer : the larval redfish - Calanus - microplankton interaction. Fish. Oceanogr., 5: 21-37 .

STARR, M., J.A. RUNGE, J.-C. THERRIAULT, 1996. Harmful effects of certain diatoms on the reproductive success of copepods. Pages 128-134 in R.W. Penney (ed.). Proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Workshop on Harmful Marine Algae. Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans (Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 2138) .

RUNGE, J.A., S. PLOURDE, 1996. Fecundity characteristics of Calanus finmarchicus in coastal waters of eastern Canada. Ophelia, 44: 171-187 .

OHMAN, M.D., D.L. AKSNES, J.A. RUNGE, 1996. The interrelationship of copepod fecundity and mortality. Limnol. Oceanogr., 41(7): 1470-1477 .

ST-PIERRE, J.-F., J. RUNGE, P. JOLY, Y. DE LAFONTAINE, 1996. Données physiques, chimiques et biologiques sur le plancton du nord du golfe du Saint-Laurent. Partie 1 : juin 1989. Rapp. stat. can. sci. halieut. aquat., 986, 99 p .

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This report forms part of a study of the trophic interactions in the pelagic ecosystem of the north-central Gulf of St. Lawrence. The data presented here were collected during two simultaneous research cruises in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence in June 1989. Measured variables include salinity; temperature; light extinction; nutrient concentrations; particulate carbon and nitrogen concentrations; size-fractionated chlorophyll a concentrations; abundance, composition and vertical distribution of phytoplankton, microzooplankton and mesozooplankton; copepod egg production rates; and the composition, abundance, vertical distribution, size, and diet of redfish larvae (Sebastes fasciatus-mentella). The methods used to obtain this information are described. The study focuses in particular on the interaction between microplankton, the dominant planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, and larval redfish, which dominate the ichthyoplankton

RUNGE, J.A., P. JOLY, 1995. Zooplancton (Euphausiacés et Calanus) de l'estuaire et du golfe du Saint-Laurent. Pages 128-137 in L. Savard (éd.). Rapport sur l'état des invertébrés en 1994 : crustacés et mollusques des côtes du Québec, crevette nordique et zooplancton de l'estuaire et du golfe du Saint-Laurent. MPO (Rapp. manus. can. sci. halieut. aquat., 2323) .

RUNGE, J., P. JOLY, 1995. Zooplankton (Euphausids and Calanus) in the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Pages 123-132 in L. Savard (ed.). Status report on invertebrates in 1994 : crustaceans and molluscs on the Québec coast, northern shrimp and zooplankton in the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO (Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 2323) .

OHMAN, M.D., J.A. RUNGE, 1994. Sustained fecundity when phytoplankton resources are in short supply : Omnivory by Calanus finmarchicus in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Limnol. Oceanogr., 39: 21-36 .

RUNGE, J., J. GAMBLE, L. HUTCHINGS, G.-A. PAFFENHOFER, W. PETERSON, S. SUNDBY, 1994. Zooplankton variability and fish population dynamics : perspectives for study within the context of GLOBEC National Programs. Globec. INT News, March 1994: 11-14 .

PLOURDE, S., J.A. RUNGE, 1993. Reproduction of the planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary : relation to the cycle of phytoplankton production and evidence for a Calanus pump. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 102: 217-227 .

RUNGE, J., B. BRADFORD, M. CATTET, K. HAYA, M. PARANJAPE, K. PAULEY, B. ROBINEAU, S. ROY, A. STASKO, N. TURRIFF, 1992. Transfer of phycotoxins in the pelagic food web. Pages 73-80 in J.-C. Therriault & M. Levasseur (ed.). Proceedings of the Third Canadian Workshop on Harmful Marine Algae, Maurice-Lamontagne lnstitute, Mont-Joli, Québec, 12-14 May, 1992 .

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TOURANGEAU, S., J.A. RUNGE, 1991. Reproduction of Calanus glacialis in relation to an ice microalgal bloom in southeastern Hudson Bay. Mar. Biol., 108: 227-233 .

De LAFONTAINE, Y., S. DEMERS, J. RUNGE, 1991. Pelagic food web interactions and productivity in the Gulf of St. Lawrence : a perspective. Pages 99-123 in J.-C. Therriault (ed.). The Gulf of St. Lawrence : small ocean or big estuary ? Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans (Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 113) .

ROCHE-MAYZAUD, O., J.-C. THERRIAULT, J.A. RUNGE, Y. De LAFONTAINE, 1991. Variations de l'activité des enzymes digestives et de la ponte chez les femelles de Calanus finmarchicus dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent. Pages 231-240 in J.-C. Therriault (éd.). Le Golfe du Saint-Laurent : petit océan ou grand estuaire? Ministère des pêches et des océans (Publ. spéc. can. sci. halieut. aquat., 113) .

RUNGE, J.A., 1991. Comments on working proposal on fish migrations. Pages 37-42 in J.-C. Therriault (ed.). The Gulf of St. Lawrence : small ocean or big estuary ? Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans (Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 113) .

RUNGE, J.A., J.-C. THERRIAULT, L. LEGENDRE, R.G. INGRAM, S. DEMERS, 1991. Coupling between ice microalgal productivity and the pelagic, metazoan food web in southeastern Hudson Bay : a synthesis of results. Polar Res., 10(2): 325-338 .

RUNGE, J.A., J.-C. THERRIAULT, L. LEGENDRE, R.G. INGRAM, S. DEMERS, 1991. Coupling between ice microalgal productivity and the pelagic, metazoan food web in southeastern Hudson Bay : a synthesis of results. Pages 325-338 in E. Sakshaug, C.C.E. Hopkins & N.A. Oritsland (ed.). Proceedings of the Pro Mare Symposium on Polar Marine Ecology. Trondheim, 12-16 May 1990 .

SINCLAIR, M., M. CHADWICK, D. CLAY, G. CHOUINARD, D. D'AMOURS, A. FRÉCHET, D. GASCON, P. HUDSON, E. LABERGE, T. LAMBERT, B. RANDALL, J. RUNGE, R. TALLMAN, 1991. Rapport de l'atelier de travail sur les poissons. Pages 31-45 in J.-C. Therriault (éd.). Le golfe du Saint-Laurent : petit océan ou grand estuaire? Ministère des pêches et des océans (Publ. spéc. can. sci. halieut. aquat., 113) .

RUNGE, J.A., 1991. Commentaires sur le projet de recherche sur la migration des poissons. Pages 37-42 in J.-C. Therriault (éd.). Le golfe du Saint-Laurent : petit océan ou grand estuaire. Ministère des pêches et des océans (Publ. spéc. can. sci. halieut. aquat., 113) .

SINCLAIR, M., M. CHADWICK, D. CLAY, G. CHOUINARD, D. D'AMOURS, A. FRÉCHET, D. GASCON, P. HUDSON, E. LABERGE, T. LAMBERT, B. RANDALL, J. RUNGE, R. TALLMAN, 1991. Report on the Workshop on Fish. Pages 31-45 in J.-C. Therriault (ed.). The Gulf of St. Lawrence : small ocean or big estuary ? Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans (Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 113) .

RUNGE, J.A., R.G. INGRAM, 1991. Under-ice feeding and diel migration by the planktonic copepods Calanus finmarchicus and Pseudocalanus minutus in relation to the ice algal production cycle in southeastern Hudson Bay, Canada. Mar. Biol., 108: 217-225 .

RUNGE, J.A., M. BRADSTREET, J. BUNCH, S. DEMERS, E.H. GRAINGER, S. HSIAO, G. INGRAM, M. POULIN, J. ROFF, C. TAGGART, W. WELCH, 1990. Report of planktonic and ice production working group. Pages 24-28 in J.A. Percy (ed.). Proceedings of a workshop : Marine Ecosystem Studies in Hudson Strait, November 9-10, 1989, Montréal, Québec. Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans (Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1770) .

RUNGE, J.A., Y. SIMARD, 1990. Zooplankton of the St. Lawrence Estuary : the imprint of physical processes on its composition and distribution. Pages 297-320 in M.I. El-Sabh & N. Silverberg (ed.). Oceanography of a large-scale estuarine system : the St. Lawrence. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (Coastal and Estuarine Studies, 39) .

THERRIAULT, J.-C., S. DEMERS, L. LEGENDRE, R.G. INGRAM, J. RUNGE, 1989. Physical control of biological production at the seasonal sea-ice/water interface and in the underlying water column in Hudson Bay (Canada). Page 123 in G. Hempel (ed.). Oceanography and biology of Arctic seas. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (Rapp. P.-v. Réun. CIEM, 188) .

TREMBLAY, C., J.A. RUNGE, L. LEGENDRE, 1989. Grazing and sedimentation of ice algae during and immediately after a bloom at the ice-water interface. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 56: 291-300 .

RUNGE, J.A., R.G. INGRAM, 1988. Underice grazing by planktonic, calanoid copepods in relation to a bloom of ice microalgae in southeastern Hudson Bay. Limnol. Oceanogr., 33: 280-286 .

RUNGE, J.A., 1988. Should we expect a relationship between primary production and fisheries? The role of copepod dynamics as a filter of trophic variability. Hydrobiologia, 167/168: 61-71 .

RUNGE, J.A., 1987. Measurement of egg production rate of Calanus finmarchicus from preserved-samples. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44: 2009-2012 .